- What is the difference between Ventrogluteal and Dorsogluteal?
- What is the correct needle size for IM injection?
- What happens if an intramuscular injection is given subcutaneously?
- How do I find Ventrogluteal Im site?
- What is Z track technique?
- What is the maximum volume for subcutaneous injection?
- What happens if injection is not given properly?
- What happens if a needle hits a bone?
- Why is the Dorsogluteal site not recommended?
- What happens if you accidentally inject air into muscle?
- How can I make im injections less painful?
- How do I give myself a Ventrogluteal injection?
- Can you give testosterone in the thigh?
- Why is Z track method used?
- Where is Ventrogluteal muscle?
- What size needle is used for intramuscular injection?
- What if blood comes after im injection?
- Do you pinch skin for IM injection?
- Why is the Ventrogluteal site preferred?
- Which is the most dangerous site for intramuscular injection?
What is the difference between Ventrogluteal and Dorsogluteal?
This study revealed that the mean distance of the dorsogluteal injection point to the siatic nerve is 9±2.3 cm.
On the other hand, the ventrogluteal side has a thicker gluteal muscle layer and thinner fat layer and is free of penetrating nerves and blood vessels ..
What is the correct needle size for IM injection?
22-25 gaugeIntramuscular injections are administered at a 90-degree angle to the skin, preferably into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh or the deltoid muscle of the upper arm, depending on the age of the patient (Table 6-2). The needle gauge for intramuscular injection is 22-25 gauge.
What happens if an intramuscular injection is given subcutaneously?
Serious reactions to intramuscular injections are rare; in one series of 26 294 adults, of whom 46% had received at least one intramuscular injection, only 48 (0.4%) had a local adverse effect. However, subcutaneous injections can cause abscesses and granulomas.
How do I find Ventrogluteal Im site?
The ventrogluteal intramuscular injection site is located on the hip at the high part of the hip. To locate this site, it takes a bit of medical training, which we will provide you with. To locate it, you will have to place the palm of your hand on the femur on the part that protrudes.
What is Z track technique?
The Z-track method is a type of IM injection technique used to prevent tracking (leakage) of the medication into the subcutaneous tissue (underneath the skin). During the procedure, skin and tissue are pulled and held firmly while a long needle is inserted into the muscle.
What is the maximum volume for subcutaneous injection?
approximately 1.5 mLAdministration into the subcutaneous (SC) tissue is a typical route of delivery for therapeutic proteins, especially for frequent treatments, long-term regimens, or self-administration. It is currently believed that the maximum volume for SC injections is approximately 1.5 mL.
What happens if injection is not given properly?
Similarly, incorrect injection techniques or erroneous injection locations, can cause blood vessel breakage, muscle or nerve damage and paralysis. Harmful effects may be life-threatening at worst.
What happens if a needle hits a bone?
A needle that is too long can penetrate the deltoid muscle, hitting the bone. Although patients will not feel their bones being hit, the vaccine might not fully absorb into the muscle, leading to a reduced immune response.
Why is the Dorsogluteal site not recommended?
The dorsogluteal (buttock) site is not recommended for use in any patient population due to its location near major blood vessels and nerves, as well as having inconsistent depth of adipose tissue, with very few injections in this area injected to the correct depth to administer as a true intramuscular injection.
What happens if you accidentally inject air into muscle?
Injecting a small air bubble into the skin or a muscle is usually harmless. But it might mean you aren’t getting the full dose of medicine, because the air takes up space in the syringe.
How can I make im injections less painful?
Practice pointsAssess the patient to ensure a good injection technique and suitability for manual pressure.Use communication skills/distraction to reduce anxiety.Wear sterile gloves to administer manual pressure.10 seconds of firm digital pressure is necessary.
How do I give myself a Ventrogluteal injection?
Giving an IM injection into the ventrogluteal siteFind the trochanter. … Find the anterior iliac crest.Place the palm of your hand over the trochanter. … Give the injection between the knuckles on your index and middle fingers.Stretch the skin tight.Hold the syringe like a pencil or dart.More items…
Can you give testosterone in the thigh?
Testosterone injections are typically intramuscular – that is, given directly into a muscle. Two relatively easy and accessible sites for intramuscular injection are the deltoid (upper arm) or the glut (upper back portion of the thigh, ie, the butt cheek).
Why is Z track method used?
YOU SHOULD USE the Z-track method for all I.M. injections in adults. By leaving a zigzag path that seals the needle track, this technique prevents drug leakage into the subcutaneous tissue, helps seal the drug in the muscle, and minimizes skin irritation.
Where is Ventrogluteal muscle?
The ventrogluteal site: place the palm over the greater trochanter, form a ‘V,’ with the middle finger toward the iliac crest and the index finger toward the anterior superior iliac spine. Inject within the center of the ‘V,’ below the anterior superior iliac crest.
What size needle is used for intramuscular injection?
1-1.5 inchesThis allows the medication to be quickly absorbed into the bloodstream. Intramuscular shots are given at 90 degree angle. Needle for IM injections can be 22-23 Gauge, 1-1.5 inches in length, adjusted for thickness of site.
What if blood comes after im injection?
Remove the needle from the skin. If there is bleeding at the site of injection, apply a bandage. Immediately put the syringe and needle into a container that is puncture-proof.
Do you pinch skin for IM injection?
Insert needle at an 45o angle to the skin. Pinch up on SQ tissue to prevent injecting into muscle.
Why is the Ventrogluteal site preferred?
Ventrogluteal site is considered as the most reliable and least painfull site for the injection applications. The reason for this; there is no large blood vessels or nerves and it is far from the bone tissue in ventrogluteal site (Beecroft and Redick 1990, Donaldson and Green, 2005, Nicoll and Hesby, 2002).
Which is the most dangerous site for intramuscular injection?
The dorsogluteal muscle of the buttocks was the site most commonly selected by healthcare providers for many years. However, due to the potential for injury to the sciatic nerve, the ventrogluteal is most often used now. This site is difficult to use this site for self-injection and not recommended.