Quick Answer: What Are The 4 Main Areas Of The Brain?

What parts of brain do what?

The cerebrum.

The cerebrum, the large, outer part of the brain, controls reading, thinking, learning, speech, emotions and planned muscle movements like walking.

The cerebellum.

The cerebellum, in the back of the brain, controls balance, coordination and fine muscle control (e.g., walking).

The brain stem..

What are the five areas of the brain?

We’re going to talk about these five parts, which are key players on the brain team:cerebrum (say: suh-REE-brum)cerebellum (say: sair-uh-BELL-um)brain stem.pituitary (say: puh-TOO-uh-ter-ee) gland.hypothalamus (say: hy-po-THAL-uh-mus)

What is the deepest part of the brain?

brain stemThe deepest part of the brain is called the brain stem and it controls | Course Hero.

What part of the brain controls vision?

occipital lobeThe occipital lobe is the back part of the brain that is involved with vision. Temporal lobe. The sides of the brain, these temporal lobes are involved in short-term memory, speech, musical rhythm, and some degree of smell recognition.

What are the 6 major areas of the brain?

6 Major Parts of the Brain and What They DoFrontal Lobes. At the front of the brain are the frontal lobes, and the part lying just behind the forehead is called the prefrontal cortex. … Temporal Lobes. … Occipital Lobes. … Parietal Lobes. … The Thalamus. … The Hypothalamus. … The Hippocampus. … The Amygdala.

What part of the brain could you live without?

cerebellumIn the words of researcher and neurologist Jeremy Schmahmann, it’s the “Rodney Dangerfield of the brain” because “It don’t get no respect.” It’s the cerebellum. Even though the cerebellum has so many neurons and takes up so much space, it is possible to survive without it, and a few people have.

Who named the brain?

An old etymologist, a student of German, derived Bregen (the German cognate of brain) from Brei “mush, paste; porridge.” The derivation is wrong, but the idea is sound. In the remote past, people had no notion what function the brain has in the human organism. They saw “mush” and called it accordingly.

What part of the brain controls emotions?

limbic systemThe limbic system is a brain area, located between the brain stem and the two cerebral hemispheres, that governs emotion and memory. It includes the amygdala, the hypothalamus, and the hippocampus.

Do humans have two brains?

But what is real is the fact that there definitely are two distinct brain hemispheres – a left and a right. These hemispheres each receive half our visual information, and direct half our movement – the left brain controls the right side of our body, the right brain controls the left.

What are the 4 lobes of the brain and their function?

Each side of your brain contains four lobes. The frontal lobe is important for cognitive functions and control of voluntary movement or activity. The parietal lobe processes information about temperature, taste, touch and movement, while the occipital lobe is primarily responsible for vision.

What are the 7 parts of the brain?

These areas are: Occipital lobe, Temporal lobe, Parietal lobe, Frontal lobe. Cerebral cortex, Cerebellum, Hypothalamus,Thalamus,Pituitary gland, Pineal gland, Amygdala, Hippocampas and the Mid- brain.

What happens if you lose the left side of your brain?

When the cells of your brain are damaged or die, you may lose control of certain body functions. The left side of your brain controls your language and the right side of your body. A left hemispheric stroke may cause you to have problems speaking, understanding, reading, writing, and remembering.

What happens if you have no brain?

Brain death (also known as brain stem death) is when a person on an artificial life support machine no longer has any brain functions. This means they will not regain consciousness or be able to breathe without support. A person who’s brain dead is legally confirmed as dead.

Can you remove half your brain and live?

The operation known as hemispherectomy—where half the brain is removed—sounds too radical to ever consider, much less perform. In the last century, however, surgeons have performed it hundreds of times for disorders uncontrollable in any other way.

What is brain made of?

Brains are made of soft tissue, which includes gray and white matter, containing the nerve cells, non-neuronal cells (which help to maintain neurons and brain health), and small blood vessels. They have a high water content as well as a large amount (nearly 60 percent) of fat.