Quick Answer: What Does Standard Precautions Apply To?

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often.

Get vaccinated.

Use antibiotics sensibly.

Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection.

Be smart about food preparation.

Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence.

Practice safer sex.

Don’t share personal items.More items….

How do you explain infection control to a patient?

Six Steps to Educating Patients About Infection ControlStart with the basics. … Make the patient comfortable. … Help the patient become an active participant. … Let patients know what their care should look like as well. … Don’t forget about high-risk patients. … Understand the patient’s rights to education.

What are the 5 universal precautions?

5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

What are the 4 steps of the chain of survival?

The four interdependent links in the chain of survival are early access, early CPR, early defibrillation, and early advanced cardiac life support.

What diseases are airborne precautions?

Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Airborne precautions apply to patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.

What PPE is used for airborne precautions?

A particulate respirator must be worn by anyone entering the patient’s room that is on airborne precautions. This may be an N95 respirator or powered air purifying respirator or PAPR. Respirators are specifically designed to provide respiratory protection by efficiently filtering out airborne particles.

What are examples of standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are the standard precautions used in CPR?

Standard Precautions involve the use of protective barriers such as gloves, gowns, aprons, masks, face shields, leg coverings, booties (or one-piece impermeable suits), which can reduce the risk of exposure of the health care worker’s skin or mucous membranes to potentially infective materials.

What are the 5 basic principles of infection control?

Introduction.The general principles of infection prevention and control.Hand hygiene.Using personal protective equipment.Safe handling and disposal of sharps.Safe handling and disposal of chemical waste.Managing blood and bodily fluids.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What are the basic infection control?

Infection control principles and practices for local health agenciesStandard Precautions.Hand Hygiene.Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Needlestick and Sharps Injury Prevention.Cleaning and Disinfection.Respiratory Hygiene (Cough Etiquette)Waste Disposal.Safe Injection Practices.

What are standard precautions in dentistry?

Standard Precautions are the minimum infection prevention practices that apply to all patient care, regardless of suspected or confirmed infection status of the patient, in any setting where health care is delivered.

What is universal precautions vs standard precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

Why is standard precautions important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

defibrillationThe third link is early defibrillation. Having an AED on hand in a sudden cardiac arrest emergency can be the difference between life and death. A defibrillator is used to shock the heart to return it to its normal rhythm.

When should standard precautions be used?

Healthcare workers must use standard precautions: when caring for all patients, regardless of the patient’s perceived or actual infectious status. when handling blood and/or all other body substances, secretions and excretions (excluding sweat), non-intact skin or mucous membranes.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What is universal safety precautions?

Universal Precautions. Use barrier protection at all times. Use gloves for protection when working with or around blood and body fluids. Change glove between patients. Use glasses, goggles, masks, shields, and waterproof gowns/aprons to protect face from splashes.

What order do you put on PPE?

The order for putting on PPE is Apron or Gown, Surgical Mask, Eye Protection (where required) and Gloves. The order for removing PPE is Gloves, Apron or Gown, Eye Protection, Surgical Mask.

What is standard precaution PPE?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.