What Are 3 Universal Precautions When Dealing With Body Fluids?

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

The most important way to reduce the spread of infections is hand washing – always wash regularly with soap and water.

Also important is to get a vaccine for those infections and viruses that have one, when available.

See the OSH Answers Hand Washing – Reducing the Risk of Common Infections for more details..

What are the 5 universal precautions?

5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

What is the best way to control the spread of infection List 2 examples?

Food preparation and workplace infection controlWash your hands before and after handling food.Avoid touching your hair, nose or mouth.Keep hot food hot and cold food cold.Use separate storage, utensils and preparation surfaces for cooked and uncooked foods.More items…•

What are standard precautions and when should they be used?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What is the difference between universal and standard precautions?

“Universal precautions are mandated for home health agencies but the type of pathogens that exist today require standard precautions that protect staff and patients against more threats of infection than universal precautions,” says Barbara B.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Hand Hygiene. Hand hygiene is the most important measure to prevent the spread of infections among patients and DHCP. … Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette. … Sharps Safety. … Safe Injection Practices. … Sterilization and Disinfection of Patient-Care Items and Devices. … Environmental Infection Prevention and Control.

What PPE is required for standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.

What do you wear to droplet precautions?

If on Droplet Precautions, the patient should wear a surgical- type face mask and follow cough etiquette when outside of their room. For patients in airborne infection isolation, the patient should also wear a surgical face mask and follow cough etiquette.

What is universal blood and body fluid precautions?

Blood and body fluid precautions (universal precautions) are a set of recommendations designed to prevent the transmission of diseases, such as HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and other diseases while administering first aid or other health care.

What order do you put on PPE?

The order for putting on PPE is Apron or Gown, Surgical Mask, Eye Protection (where required) and Gloves. The order for removing PPE is Gloves, Apron or Gown, Eye Protection, Surgical Mask. Perform hand hygiene immediately on removal.

What should you do if you are exposed to blood or body fluids?

Wash the area with warm water and soap. If you are splashed with blood or body fluids and your skin has an open wound, healing sore, or scratch, wash the area well with soap and water. If you are splashed in the eyes, nose or mouth, rinse well with water. If you have been bitten, wash the wound with soap and water.

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

They include:hand hygiene and cough etiquette.the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)the safe use and disposal of sharps.routine environmental cleaning.incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91].

What are the CDC standard precautions?

Standard Precautions include: 1) hand hygiene, 2) use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, gowns, facemasks), depending on the anticipated exposure, 3) respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette, 4) safe injection practices, and 5) safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient …

What body fluid is not infectious?

Unless visible blood is present, the following body fluids are NOT considered to be potentially infectious: feces. nasal secretions. saliva.

What diseases are airborne precautions?

Use Airborne Precautions for patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by the airborne route (e.g., tuberculosis, measles, chickenpox, disseminated herpes zoster). See Guidelines for Isolation Precautions for complete details.

Why standard precautions are important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What are the 4 major body fluids?

A short list of bodily fluids includes:Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. … Saliva. … Semen. … Vaginal fluids. … Mucus. … Urine.

What are the 3 universal precautions?

Universal precautions refers to the practice, in medicine, of avoiding contact with patients’ bodily fluids, by means of the wearing of nonporous articles such as medical gloves, goggles, and face shields.

What types of fluids are included in blood and body fluid precautions?

Are blood and body fluid precautions always needed?Breast milk.Stool.Mucus from the nose or lungs.Sweat.Tears.Urine.Vomit.

What are universal precautions?

This extension of blood and body fluid precautions to all patients is referred to as “Universal Blood and Body Fluid Precautions” or “Universal Precautions.” Under universal precautions, blood and certain body fluids of all patients are considered potentially infectious for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis …

What is the most effective level of infection control?

They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients. Hand hygiene is a major component of standard precautions and one of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of pathogens associated with health care.