What Are The Top Five High Alert Medications?

Is heparin a high risk drug?

The drug-related problems associated with UFH can significantly hinder the success of therapy and negatively affect the overall cost of care.

Unfractionated heparin has been classified as a high-alert drug by the Institute for Safe Medication Practices..

What makes a drug high risk?

High risk medications are those that have a high chance of causing harm if they are misused or used in error. They are generally medicines with a narrow therapeutic index. This means that the difference between a medicine’s desired effect (efficacy) and a lethal or toxic dose (potency) is very small.

Can you eat bananas with beta blockers?

If you are taking a beta-blocker, your health care provider may recommend that you limit your consumption of bananas and other high potassium foods including papaya, tomato, avocado and kale.

What IV medications are considered high alert medications?

transdermal neuromuscular blocking agents (e.g., succinylcholine, rocuronium, vecuronium) parenteral nutrition preparations sodium chloride for injection, hypertonic, greater than 0.9% concentration sterile water for injection, inhalation and irrigation (excluding pour bottles) in containers of 100 mL or more …

Is sodium chloride a high alert medication?

Hypertonic sodium chloride for injection is a high alert medication because of its accidental substitu- tion for normal tonic solutions. Errors can result in hypernatremia and death. “Hypertonic” sodium chloride solutions have concentrations greater than 0.9%.

What are some look alike drugs?

Valtrex (valACYclovir) and Valcyte (valGANciclovir). The generic names for these 2 drugs are strikingly similar, and both the brand and generic names of the products start with the prefix “val,” contributing to look- and sound-alike confusion.

Is oxytocin a high alert medication?

Some medications that have a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when they are used in error are called “high-alert medications.”In 2007, the Institute for Safe Medication Practices added intravenous (IV) oxytocin to their list of high-alert medications.

What are LASA drugs?

Look Alike Sound Alike (LASA) medications involve medications that are visually similar in physical appearance or packaging and names of medications that have spelling similarities and/or similar phonetics.

How do you store LASA drugs?

1) All LASA medications will be stored in a storage bin within in the locked medication area and will have a colored sticker applied to the medication in order to call attention to the potential for medication error.

What are the long term side effects of metoprolol?

Metoprolol side effectstiredness.dizziness.diarrhea.constipation.breathing problems such as shortness of breath, cough, and wheezing.bradycardia (heart rate that’s slower than normal)reduced interest in sex.rash.

Is potassium chloride a high alert medication?

In an effort to reduce the risks associated with the use of intravenous potassium chloride, the Australian Council for Safety and Quality in Health Care has issued a high-risk medication alert for intravenous potassium chloride.

Is EPINEPHrine a high alert medication?

Although it is used with relative frequency, it continues to be a potential source of harm in many emergency departments. As noted with all high-alert medications, EPINEPHrine bears a “heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when used in error.

What are the high alert medications?

Classes/categories of high-alert medicationsadrenergic agonists, IV (e.g., EPINEPHrine, phenylephrine, norepinephrine)adrenergic antagonists, IV (e.g., propranolol, metoprolol, labetalol)anesthetic agents, general, inhaled and IV (e.g., propofol, ketamine)antiarrhythmics, IV (e.g., lidocaine, amiodarone)More items…•

Is metoprolol a high alert medication?

High Alert Medication: This medication bears a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when it is used in error.

Is lisinopril a high risk medication?

Lisinopril oral tablet is used for long-term treatment. This drug comes with serious risks if you don’t take it as prescribed. If you don’t take it at all: If you don’t take it at all, your blood pressure will stay high. This will raise your risk for a heart attack and stroke.

How do you prevent LASA errors?

The following is a list of strategies for minimizing dispensing errors:Ensure correct entry of the prescription. … Confirm that the prescription is correct and complete. … Beware of look-alike, soundalike drugs. … Be careful with zeros and abbreviations. … Organize the workplace. … Reduce distraction when possible.More items…•

Is Quetiapine a high risk medication?

Studies have shown that older adults with dementia (a brain disorder that affects the ability to remember, think clearly, communicate, and perform daily activities and that may cause changes in mood and personality) who take antipsychotics (medications for mental illness) such as quetiapine have an increased risk of …

Is it OK to take metoprolol at night?

Your very first dose of metoprolol may make you feel dizzy, so take it at bedtime. If you don’t feel dizzy after that, you can take it in the morning. Metoprolol is usually taken once or twice a day, but sometimes it’s prescribed to be taken up to 4 times a day.